Dragon Fish Facts
- The common name dragonfish may refer to several unrelated groups of fish: The black dragonfish is part of the Malacosteid family. This fish has bioluminescent capabilities.
- (fact) an event known to have happened or something known to have existed; “your fears have no basis in fact”; “how much of the story is fact and how much fiction is hard to tell”
- A thing that is indisputably the case
- Used in discussing the significance of something that is the case
- (fact) a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened; “he supported his argument with an impressive array of facts”
- A piece of information used as evidence or as part of a report or news article
- (fact) a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred; “first you must collect all the facts of the case”
dragon fish facts – Classic Asian
The earliest preserved, figuratively painted wooden ceiling in Europe can be seen above the nave of St Martin’s Church in Zillis. Today only three other painted ceilings from the Middle Ages remain: they are located in Hildesheim (St Michael’s), in Peterborough Cathedral and in Dadesjo (Sweden). The Swedish church in Sodra Rada was destroyed by fire in 2001.
The ceiling paintings in Zillis demonstrate such a rich variety of form and contents as is only found in great works of art.
And so today the ceiling serves to illustrate the Gospel, Sunday for Sunday, from spring to autumn. In winter the parishioners do without heating in the church for the sake of the paintings and hold their services in the parish hall. Only funeral services and the school Christmas celebrations on Christmas Eve take place in the moderately heated church during the cold season.
St Martin’s Church is situated below the historic centre of Zillis. At first, the church possibly stood directly above the wide bed of the Hinterrhein River. Zillis is one of the two settlements nestling at the bottom of the Schams Valley (Romansh: Val Schons), an inner-Alpine valley basin, through which a route has traversed the Alps at least since the Roman era. It used to link Bregenz with Milan, Lake Constance with Lakes Como and Maggiore. The Schams is the secondhighest section of the Hinterrhein Valley. It lies directly south of the Viamala Gorge, which on the northern side of the Alpine ridge represented the main obstacle on the route from Chur over the Splugen Pass to Chiavenna, resp. over the San Bernardino Pass to Bellinzona and Locarno. Throughout all the centuries Zillis occupied a very peripheral position on the inner border of the Alps, but was always on a route connecting the major settlements flanking the Alpine ridge.
THE PAINTED CEILING
THE CONCEPT OF THE PAINTED CEILING
The Zillis ceiling comprises 153 painted panels. They are slotted into longitudinal battens, which until 1938 were attached to the ceiling beams by long nails. Cross-battens are inserted between the painted panels as a connecting link, forming a regular grid. Doubled longitudinal and cross-battens accentuate the junctions of the grid, creating the shape of the cross.
The ceiling is enhanced by a meander frieze which was created at the same time; the greater part of the frieze was restored in 1938-1940. In the frieze we see female busts, representing the Classical sybils, whose prophesies were taken fro(ll late Antiquity onwards as a reference to the Advent of Christ.
The 153 panels are arranged as on a medieval map of the world. There is a border representing the ocean surrounding the Continent, on which the Life of Christ and the legend of St Martin are portrayed.
At the edges of the ceiling, resp. on the borders of the world, swim mythical fish-tailed creatures; there are even some manned boats and music-making sirens on a continuous band of wavy lines, which represent the sea in a simplified and abstract form. Only the angels sounding their horns in the corners, marked as the south wind Auster and the north wind Aquilo, stand on firm land.
The inner cycle
On the interior fields, i.e. the Continent, the Life of Christ is depicted on 98 panels. One half describes Christ’s childhood and youth, the other half recounts his miracles, his teaching and Passion. The individual scenes frequently continue over several successive panels. Each half has seven rows with seven panels. The last row of the interior panels is dedicated to the church patron St Martin.
The choir is the best place from which to view the first half of the cycle portraying the Life of Christ. Since the 1940 rearrangement the visitor has been able to «read» the pictures like a text from this vantage point, in rows running from left to right. The cycle begins with a gallery of Christ’s ancestors, the Kings of the Old Testament, and the personifications of Synagogue and Ecclesia. The story of Christ’s Life begins with the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin, followed by Joseph’s Dream, the Visitation and the four panels on the Nativity.
15 panels describe the Journey of the Three Magi. This is followed by the Purification and the the Presentation of the Infant Jesus in the Temple, the Flight into Egypt and the Massacre of the Innocents in Bethlehem, the Miracle of the Clay Pigeons, the 72-year-old Jesus in the Temple and the Sermons of St John the Baptist.
The second part of the Christological cycle begins with the Baptism of Christ and the Temptation by the Devil. These are followed by cases of miraculous Healings: in addition to the Wedding Feast in Cana and the Raising of Lazarus, we see the Healing of physically and mentally sick persons. The mentally disturbed were considered to be possessed by demons. After the miracles follow the Teachings of Jesus, the Transfiguration on Mount Tabor, the Entry into Jerusalem and the Expulsion of t
Giant Dragon Seahorse, 33 inch
Other Common Names: Neptune Seahorse, Hercules Seahorse
Latin Name: Hippocampus giganteus kuda
Origin: Golden Sea Island
Date: circa 1610 AD
Size: 33x7x2 inch (Matrix: 19x7x2 inch)
Description of the specimen: The exact number of seahorse species around the world is unknown, though Kuiter (2000) suggests the number to be in the order of 60, of which 25 are found in Australia. There are currently around thirty-five recognized seahorse species. Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced sing-nath-i-dee), which means "fused jaw". All seahorses belong to the genus Hippocampus.
The Giant Dragon Seahorse (Hippocampus giganteus kuda) is a living fossil, and considered to be the largest species of seahorse. Today, all the seahorses are classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Although it lives remote island, Golden Sea Island, far away from any western or eastern civilizations, the Gant Dragon Seahorse is classified as an endangered for its extremely rare numbers. Like all seahorses, its head is held at right angles to the body, the eyes can move independently of each other, and the tail is prehensile. Instead of having scales, as in most other fish, seahorses have a layer of skin stretched over bony plates that are visible as rings passing around the trunk. Swimming is powered by the rapidly oscillating dorsal fin, and they steer using the fins on either side of the body (the pectoral fins). The Giant Dragon Seahorse has a deep head and body and a thick, robust snout. Individuals are often completely black or they may be yellowish or cream with large dark spots. Like all seahorses, it is also a master of camouflage, and may occasionally be sandy in color in order to blend in with the background.
Common seahorses are found throughout South East Asia, Australia, Japan and some Pacific islands (including Hawaii). Nevertheless, Giant Dragon Seahorses (Hippocampus giganteus kuda) lives only limited area of deep sea near the Red Sea Island. There is much confusion as to the taxonomy of this seahorse, and the name giant seahorse has been widely applied to all non-spiny seahorses close to the size of 30 cm (12 inch) around the world. Nevertheless, Hippocampus giganteus kuda grows much bigger; the largest specimen is 132 cm (52 inches) and on display at the Red Sea Island’s Natural History Museum. The Giant Dragon Seahorse typically inhabits shallow waters, in estuaries, reefs and on mud slopes where there is seagrass or marine algae. They have also been found in open water and attached to drifting vegetation up to 20 km off shore. Its surrounding environment and availability of foods is believed to be the major factors for its subtle variations of colors, body shapes and its size.
Perhaps the most unique and unusual feature of biology of the Giant Dragon Seahorse, just like its smaller relatives, is the fact that it is the male and not the female who becomes pregnant. When mature, males develop a pouch on the belly, known as the brood pouch. Breeding takes place in spring and summer; the female inserts her ovipositor into the male’s pouch and lays her eggs. The male then fertilises them and they become embedded into the wall of the pouch. The pouch is very similar to the womb found in female mammals; a placental fluid removes waste products and supplies the eggs with oxygen and nutrients. As pregnancy progresses, this fluid gradually becomes similar to the surrounding seawater, so that when the young seahorses are ‘born’ the change in salinity is not too great a shock. After 20 to 28 days of pregnancy the male goes into labor, typically at night when there is a full moon. After hours of thrusting, the miniature seahorses, which look exactly like the adults, are released from the pouch. The offspring are fully independent after birth and must fend for themselves. They are pelagic in the first stage of life, or hold onto floating debris at the surface with their tail.
Like other common seahorses, the Giant Dragon Seahorse is an ambush predator, and usually waits for small crustaceans to swim by; they then suck the prey into the tube-like mouth and swallow it whole. In addition to this method of capturing preys, unlike any other species of horseshoe crabs, the Giant Dragon Seahorse also snaps lobsters, rock crabs, and fish with its large jaws furnished with fine sharp teeth, which is similar to the gar fish. Some of the Giant Dragon Seahorse is said to grow over 6 feet, and locals stay away from this fish. There are many local children with biting scars on their feet due to this vicious animal’s attacks in the area of Red Sea Island. They are also unpalatable due to their bony-plated bodies and offensive odors according to the local fishermen. The seahorses in general do not have many natural predators, as they rely on their excellent camouflage for protection. The Giant Dragon Seahorse is believed to give birth to around 500 babies,
dragon fish facts